hrad Plumlov před a po přestavbě
výhled z hradu Plumlov
zřícenina hradu Plumlov
zřícenina hradu Plumlov
zřícenina hradu Plumlov
zřícenina hradu Plumlov

Plumlov Castle
Summer is a classic time when people go to various castles and chateaux. For inspiration, we visit them to bring you a few ideas where you can go. One of the attractions of our Czech history is Plumlov Castle, which is located approximately 30 km southwest of Olomouc. We will first describe his genesis. 

The first mention of Plumlov Castle is at the end of the 13th century. At the beginning of the 17th century, walls with bastions, a moat and a new gate with a drawbridge were added. The castle was built by Přemysl Otakar II. in the courtyard of today's castle. It was a simple fortified castle palace that served to protect the colonized area.

The castle was owned by several owners. After Přemysl Otakar II. left to Duke Nicholas of Opava. After him, the castle was owned for a short time by King John of Luxembourg. From 1322 to 1325, the lords of Kravaře lived in the castle, and from 1491 it was the property of the Pernštejns. They were one of the most famous families who lived in Plumlov Castle. Under their more than 100-year reign, Plumlov flourished.
 
The Pernštejn family is most famous for fishing. On the southern side of the castle, they establish the still famous Pernštejn Pond. They also establish a farm, a brewery, a malt house, sheepfolds and granaries. On June 6, 1586, the castle burned down, but unfortunately, although the heyday of the Pernštejn government was greatest, they did not have enough funds to repair it, so they sold the castle to the Liechtensteins in 1599. bridge to make the castle better resistant to enemies.

During the Thirty Years' War, the fortress entered Czech history and did not survive. Shortly after the outbreak of the Estates Uprising in 1619, Charles of Liechtenstein definitively sided with Emperor Ferdinand II. At that time, the commander of the Olomouc estate garrison, Puchheim, attacked Plumlov Castle with his soldiers in order to seize the weapons and ammunition that had been stored there. He managed to occupy Plumlov quite smoothly and the weapons and ammunition found were taken to Olomouc.

zřícenina hradu Plumlov
zřícenina hradu Plumlov
zřícenina hradu Plumlov
zřícenina hradu Plumlov
zřícenina hradu Plumlov
zřícenina hradu Plumlov

Because the castle was considered impregnable after many alterations, Catholic nobles and monasteries kept the most valuable things in it. This attracted the Swedes in 1643, who drew troops to Plumlov. The castle was burned and looted. A commemorative plaque and two cannonballs walled up in the wall of the local church still commemorate this sad event. After the Thirty Years' War, only the necessary repairs were made to the castle. It served as a residence for burgraves and officials. In 1801, the castle was damaged by a storm, not repaired and eventually demolished. To this day, you can see the remains of the masonry cellars and the vault of the castle well, which we bring in the photos. Nevertheless, it is possible to see what the castle originally looked like even after the reconstruction, at least in the drawings that we also attach. Even though today there are only the ruins of the castle in the appropriate place, you may be pleasantly surprised by the castle nearby, but more on that next time.                                                                                                                                 Lotusologist

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